Dentists consider various reasons before performing tooth extraction. Some dental patients have tooth decay, while others require the removal of teeth obstructing orthodontic treatment, and others require wisdom teeth removal. While a tooth extraction is already a serious dental procedure, the following steps are just as necessary. It’s critical to understand that proper care can reduce pain and the risk of infection as a dental patient.
To avoid bleeding, swelling, discomfort, and complications after having a tooth or several teeth extracted, patients should follow their dentist’s instructions.
What to Expect in Terms of Swelling?
The amount of swelling that each person will experience is determined by several factors. To begin with, your body’s reaction is determined by the surgical procedure. A patient who receives six dental implants, for example, is likely to experience more inflammation and discolouration than a patient who gets a single implant.
Swelling is a natural reaction of the body to an injury. It is not harmful, and it is a natural part of the healing process.
Following dental implant surgery, swelling around the mouth, jaws, cheeks, eyes, and sides of the face is not uncommon. The swelling usually peaks around the second or third day after the procedure and then gradually decreases. The inflammation, on the other hand, can take several days to subside completely.
Taking Care of Your Mouth After a Tooth Extraction
Tooth extraction can be a painful procedure. Your mouth becomes quite sensitive. If you’ve had a tooth extracted, you’ll need to take special care of your mouth. Even on the first day, doing certain things can help you feel better and heal faster.
Immediately following the extraction of a tooth
- To stop the bleeding, place a gauze pad over the surgical site.
- Take OTC pain relievers and prescribed medication.
- Keep strenuous activity to a minimum for the day.
- To reduce swelling, alternate applying ice packs to your cheek for 15 minutes on and 15 minutes off.
- Avoid spitting, smoking, or using a straw to prevent accidentally dislodging the blood clot for at least a week.
- There is a lot of bleeding at the surgery site.
48 hours after the extraction
- Rinse your mouth vigorously to remove the blood clot
- Drinking straws are not to be used.
- Quit smoking.
- Do NOT agitate the extraction site with your tongue or fingers.
Other Complications after a tooth extraction
Bleeding is completely normal after tooth extraction. During the first 36 hours, pinkish-tinted saliva and minor oozing are fairly common. Use dampened gauze pads and biting down to keep pressure on the area if bleeding becomes excessive.
Because tannic acid helps blood vessels contract, a moistened tea bag can be used instead of gauze pads. Apply gentle biting pressure to the gauze or tea bag for 30 minutes. Please keep in mind that heightened emotions, sitting upright, and exercise can increase blood flow to the head, resulting in excessive bleeding.
2. Bone sequestra (dead tooth fragments)
Small sharp tooth fragments were not wholly removed from some patients during surgery. As a natural healing process, these dead bone fragments, or bone sequestra, slowly work through the gums during the recovery period. This can be painful until the sequestra are removed, so please contact our office right away if you feel any sharp fragments poking through the surgery site.
3. Dry socket
The pain from your tooth extraction should gradually fade over the next few days. Patients occasionally report that their pain worsens to a throbbing, unbearable ache that travels up to the ear. It’s most likely a case of a dry socket. It is a dry socket when a blood clot becomes irritated and is forced out before healing is complete. Some Food and debris can then get into the socket, irritate it, and cause discomfort. Dry socket is more common in tobacco users and women who use oral contraceptives. Although a dry socket is not an infection, it does necessitate a trip to our office. Please contact the practice right away if you suspect you’re suffering from a dry socket.
Many patients report that they are still numb several hours after their tooth extraction. It’s normal to experience numbness around the mouth for 10 to 12 hours after surgery.
5.Trismus (difficulty opening and closing mouth)
Don’t be alarmed if you have a sore jaw and difficulty chewing or swallowing. Patients’ chewing muscles and jaw joints may be sore for up to three days after surgery. It may be difficult to open and close your mouth due to the soreness. The discomfort should fade over time.
What are the Benefits of Not Smoking After Tooth Extraction?
Cigarette smoke contains chemical toxins that can cause gum and mouth tissue damage and delay healing. If you smoke and expose your healing gums to these toxins, serious complications such as dry socket, inflammation, or infection can occur.
When do I need to be concerned about swelling after a tooth extraction?
Swelling is common after surgery, and it won’t reach its peak for another 2-3 days. However, using ice packs right away can help to reduce swelling. Apply an ice pack or a zipper-lock bag filled with ice to the sides of the face where surgery was performed.
What is the most common complication following tooth extraction?
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